Since arriving in 1999, we have helped create a more stable and secure future for Mongolia in the wake of increasing pressures like climate change. In 2018, we reached over 274,000 people all across the country.
With a population of more than 3 million people across 603,900 square miles and less than five people per square mile, Mongolia is the most sparsely populated country in the world. Half of the total population — 1.6 million people — live in rural areas.
Mongolia has been an independent state since the fall of the Qing Dynasty in 1911 and had close ties with the Soviet Union up until the end of the Cold War. Since 1990, Mongolia has been a multiparty state with a coalition government, similar to that of most countries in the European Union.
Over 30 percent of the total population makes a living in agriculture. Animal husbandry, or animal herding, is the main source of income for Mongolian agricultural workers. Unfortunately, the livelihoods of Mongolian agricultural workers and their families are under threat by the growing impacts of climate change.
Mongolia’s temperatures are increasing rapidly. Since 1940, Mongolia's temperature has increased by 36 degrees Fahrenheit (2.2 degrees Celsius), three times the global average increase of 33.4 degrees Fahrenheit (0.8 degrees Celsius).
Poverty and poverty-related issues such as food insecurity and undernutrition are pressing issues for millions of people across Mongolia. One of out every four people in Mongolia live in poverty, and one out of every five people are undernourished. This issue will only be exacerbated by the growing threat of climate change.
Despite these challenges, the people of Mongolia are optimistic that a better tomorrow is coming. By helping ease the impact of climate-related stressors, increasing agricultural development and promoting economic opportunity, we are helping build a stronger future for everyone in Mongolia.
Our work covers a wide range of issues facing Mongolians including mitigating the growing impacts of climate change, increasing economic development and promoting the health of the agricultural industry. We are helping Mongolian farmers protect their livestock from the growing severity of climate change by introducing new techniques on veterinary care, destocking/restocking and more. To increase economic development while making a healthier agricultural industry, we are supporting small businesses in the agricultural and veterinary sectors and connecting young herders with business opportunities.
Since 1999, our work in Mongolia has reached millions of people. Here are a few of our most recent results:
- Nearly one in five of our direct beneficiaries in 2018 were children and young people under 35 years old.
- We provided more than 90 portable corrals, 32 squeeze chutes, 22 cattle head gates and 300 vetcare boxes for private veterinarians in programprovinces.
- Our Advanced Weather Information (AWI) service — an on-demand mobile messaging system — connects herders in all 330 districts to real-time weather and pasture information.
- We’ve trained more than 26,000 people in livestock destocking and restocking, veterinary care, supplementary feeding, water provision and shelter, emergency guidelines and settlement.